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Opioid theory may explain food and gut-related symptoms of autism. Wakefield A,Aliment Pharmacol Ther, 16(4):663-74, 2002

Paper

 

Opioid theory may explain food and gut-related symptoms of autism. Wakefield A,Aliment Pharmacol Ther, 16(4):663-74, 2002

Details

In this review article, the authors consider the link between childhood developmental disorders such as autism, immune system abnormalities and digestive disorders. The gut and liver play a central role in some brain development disorders and this may be true in autism. Opioids (morphine-like proteins that can be formed from certain foods) appear to be a common factor in these disorders. Strategies for helping autistic patients who have food and gut-related symptoms are discussed.

AJ Wakefield, ‘Review article: the concept of entero-colonic encephalopathy, autism and opioid receptor ligands.’, Aliment Pharmacol Ther, vol 16(4):663-74, 2002

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