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Reduced risk of depression associated with mediterranean diet. Sánchez-Villegas et al. (2009). Archives of General Psychiatry

Paper

 

Reduced risk of depression associated with mediterranean diet. Sánchez-Villegas et al. (2009). Archives of General Psychiatry

Details

Individuals who follow the Mediterranean dietary pattern—rich in vegetables, fruits, nuts, whole grains and fish—appear less likely to develop depression.  In a study of over 10,000 healthy Spanish participants – those who followed a Mediterranean diet most closely had a greater than 30% reduction in the risk of depression.

The specific mechanisms which help to prevent the occurrence of depression are not well known, however, the authors suggest that the role of the overall dietary pattern may be more important than the effect of single components. It is plausible that the synergistic combination of a sufficient provision of omega-three fatty acids together with other natural unsaturated fatty acids, antioxidants from olive oil and nuts, flavonoids and other phytochemicals from fruit and vegetables and large amounts of natural folates and other B vitamins in the overall Mediterranean diet may exert a fair degree of protection against depression.

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