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Vitamin and mineral supplementation improves juvenile delinquency among American schoolchildren. Schoenthaler SJ and Bier ID, J Altern Complement Med. Feb;6(1):7-17, 2000

Paper

 

Vitamin and mineral supplementation improves juvenile delinquency among American schoolchildren. Schoenthaler SJ and Bier ID, J Altern Complement Med. Feb;6(1):7-17, 2000

Details

Two "working class," primarily Hispanic elementary schools in Phoenix, Arizona. Approximately half of the potential schoolchildren participated, i.e., 468 students aged 6 to 12 years were given either a daily vitamin and mineral supplement of half the US RDA for 4 months or a placebo. Violent and nonviolent delinquency as measured by official school disciplinary records were monitored. During the 4 months the 40 children who received the nutrients were disciplined, on average, 1 time each, a 47% lower average rate of antisocial behavior than the 2 times each for the 40 children who received placebos. The children who took the nutrients produced lower rates of antisocial behavior in 8 types of recorded infractions: threats/fighting, vandalism, being disrespectful, disorderly conduct, defiance, obscenities, refusal to work or serve, endangering others, and nonspecified offenses.

Schoenthaler SJ and Bier ID., 'The effect of vitamin-mineral supplementation on juvenile delinquency among American schoolchildren: a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial', J Altern Complement Med. Feb;6(1):7-17, 2000

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